Learning to Give, Philanthropy education resources that teach giving and civic engagement

Girls and giving, women and philanthropy

Learning to Give Briefing Papers:
Outstanding Women Philanthropists

View other Briefing Papers about the Concepts, People and Organizations of Philanthropy at:  http://www.learningtogive.org/papers/

African-American Women and Philanthropy

African American women have been instrumental in assisting runaway slaves, educating fellow women, forming social organizations and advocating for civil rights. Had it not been for their strong philanthropic efforts, many social movements may not have been as powerful and lasting.

Philanthropy and Minority Protection

In order to obtain equal rights and to protect their integrity and culture, minorities have formed various voluntary organizations to achieve their diversified goals. A broad definition of minority protection includes the ways in which civic groups organize themselves, as well as the measures taken to make the rights and benefits enjoyed by the majority of the population equally accessible to other races or ethnicities. The nonprofit sector has been a significant arena from which minority protec

Suffrage Movement

The Suffrage Movement refers, specifically, to the seventy-two-year-long battle for woman's right to vote in the United States. Rooted in the abolition of slavery, the movement promoted civic action among newly enfranchised women through organizations like the League of Women Voters and the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Famous suffragettes Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott organized the first woman's rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848. In 1919, the U. S.

Women and Philanthropy

Although women have traditionally been volunteers, they have not been widely recognized as philanthropic donors, until recently. Increased wealth among women has resulted in a recent surge of committed women philanthropists who are fulfilling their desire for involvement and change.

Women's Use of the Nonprofit Sector As an Alternative Power Source

Women have had to find alternative means of exerting influence over societal structure and conventional beliefs because they have not been entitled to equal rights, opportunities or treatment compared to their male counterparts. Yet, the nonprofit sector has proven to be an effective vehicle for women in providing them with a relative seat of power. Largely through the establishment of nonprofit organizations, women have gained valuable experience in the workings of politics, law, governance, finance, and diplomacy

African American Sororities

Birthed at a time in history when the traditional roles of women were being challenged, the founders of the first Black sororities had to overcome the stereotypical views of sexism and racism as well. Now over a quarter of a million women belong to Black sororities with numbers increasing annually. These women make a lifetime commitment to continue the legacy of building social capital and uphold the strong ideals of education, integrity, public service and activism.

Global Fund for Women

The Global Fund for Women is a California-based grant-making foundation that provides grants to organizations who are working for the betterment of women. The organization provides funds to organizations that address key women's issues such as economic and environmental justice, civic and political participation, access to education for girls, and a variety of other topics.

Mama Cash

The organization finances women's self-driven projects worldwide, aiming for a just and nonviolent world where women have the freedom to make their own choices and to develop their talents.

National Organization for Women

NOW was established by a group of feminists who were dedicated to actively challenging sex discrimination in society. NOW's actions have established itself as a major force in the sweeping changes that put more women in political posts; increased educational, employment and business opportunities for women; and enacted tougher laws against violence, harassment and discrimination.


Semillas, dedicated to women's empowerment through resource mobilization, is based in and native to Mexico. Through training and one-on-one sessions, Semillas makes it possible for poor and indigenous women of Mexico to have a way to address concerns in their communities.

Three Guineas Fund

Founded in 1994 by Catherine S. Muther, former Cisco Systems Senior Marketing Officer, the Three Guineas Fund is committed to women, equity and social change as well as an interest in what Muther calls "philanthropy with attitude." Combining her expertise in launching high-growth technology companies and $2 million that she earned in the dot.com boom, Muther named the Three Guineas Fund based on a quote from Virginia Woolfe, "Take this one guinea and use it to assert...the great principles of justice and equality and liberty."

Women's Philanthropy Institute

The Institute focuses on building the confidence of women who could possibly face social barriers to giving, and encouraging them to overcome these obstacles to reach their full philanthropic potential. Women are encouraged to give back to the Institute and the greater nonprofit society.

Adamson, Rebecca

Rebecca L. Adamson, founder and president of the First Nations Development Institute, believes that Native Americans should be in control of their own schools and education, and has served a promoter of economic independence for tribes. She continues to work directly with the tribes and assists them in finding the most sufficient ways of developing successful small businesses and economies apart from the Federal Government without compromising their customs.

Addams, Jane

Advocate for immigrants, the poor, women and peace, Jane Addams founded the first settlement house in the United States and was also a shrewd businesswoman, expert fundraiser and excellent publicity agent.

Anthony, Susan B.

Best remembered as an advocate for women's voting rights and as a founder of the Suffrage movement, Susan B. Anthony was also active in the Temperance and Abolitionist movements. She was a woman ahead of her times who believed that women deserved every right that was given to male citizens, including the right to an education.

Barrett, Kate Harwood Waller

Dr. Kate Harwood Waller Barrett (1858-1925) devoted her life to young women in crisis who were in need of maternity care, housing, education and support. Her passion as well as her extensive knowledge of medicine allowed her to become one of the most credible women's reformers of her time.

Barton, Clara

Teacher, self-taught nurse, humanitarian, lobbyist, writer and founder of the American Red Cross, Clara Barton worked tenaciously for volunteer efforts her entire life.

Beecher, Catharine Esther

Catharine Esther Beecher was a driving force in the development of teacher education and formal education for women in America. Motivated by her dedication to providing educational opportunities for young women, Beecher established, or inspired the establishment of, a number of schools in the Midwest. Yet, she was not a suffragist, and believed the acceptable and most powerful positions for women were as domestic role models and teachers of the next generation. Her writings promoted domestic science as a necessary part of the educational curriculum for women.

Bethune, Mary McLeod

Mary McLeod Bethune (1875-1955), born to former slaves a decade after the Civil War, devoted her life to ensure the right to education and freedom from discrimination for black Americans. She was an educator, an organizer, and a political activist, and opened one of the first schools for African American girls.

Blaker, Eliza Ann

Eliza Ann Blaker (1854-1926) was a pioneer who shaped public education when she established and served as the superintendent of Indianapolis' free kindergartens, providing education and social services for the growing city's poor families. Blaker also established Teacher's College (which later became the elementary department of Butler University's School of Education).

Booth, Evangeline

Driven by her faith, Booth devoted her life to selfless service to help the poor and less fortunate. She played a significant role in establishing the prominence and respect of the American Salvation Army, an organization she led for thirty years.

Booth, Maud Ballington

Booth (1865-1948) is best known as the cofounder of the Volunteers of America, an organization with the mission to reach and uplift all people. Coupled with her husband, Ballington Booth, Maud dedicated her life's work to helping others. She was also significant in the area of prison reform.

Carson, Rachel

Rachel Carson (1907-1964) was a scientist, prolific and respected writer, and one of the first high-exposure environmental activists. Carson's most controversial work, Silent Spring (1962), was an exposÃÆ'Ã"© of DDT and related pesticides; it inspired President John F. Kennedy to establish a subcommittee of the President's Science Advisory Committee to explore the effects of pesticides. The report confirmed Carson's work and validated the need for future research and legislation. Carson wrote many articles and best-selling books including Under the Sea Wind, The Sea Around Us (1951), and The Edge of the Sea (1955), making science accessible to the public through her clear writing and stimulating interest in the natural world through vivid prose. She was the recipient of many awards related to literature or environmental protection.

DeVos, Helen

Helen DeVos's love of classical music led her to contribute significantly, along with her husband, Rich DeVos, to the Grand Rapids symphony and to the development of the DeVos Performance Hall that opened in 1980. Because of Helen's love for children, she gave a major gift toward programs for women and children at Butterworth Hospital. As a result, the Helen DeVos Women and Children's Medical Center was named for her.

Diamond, Irene: A Diamond in the Rough

During her lifetime, Diamond (1911-2003) contributed 90 percent of everything that she had as personal wealth to foundations and organizations that were close to her heart. She gave in several areas but most predominantly to the arts, medical research (AIDS) and human rights.

Diana, Princess of Wales

Diana Spencer (1961-1996) became Princess Diana in 1981 when she married Prince Charles of Wales. She was beloved partially because of her tireless efforts on behalf of the sick and the poor. At the time of her tragic death, she supported a cancer fund; a London children's hospital; the National AIDS Trust; a leprosy mission; the English National Ballet, and Centerpoint Soho (providing services to homeless youth). She raised public awareness worldwide for the ban on land mines. The Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund was established in the U.K. and the U.S. in her memory.

Dix, Dorothea

A social reformer dedicated to changing conditions for people who could not help themselves, Dorothea Dix was a champion for the mentally ill and the imprisoned. Not only a crusader, she was also a teacher, author, lobbyist, and superintendent of nurses during the Civil War. Through her tireless work of over two decades, Dix instituted changes in the treatment and care of the mentally ill and improved prison conditions. Today, the results of her efforts can still be seen throughout the United States, Canada, and many European countries.

Drexel, Saint Katharine

Saint Katharine Drexel (1858-1955) began the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament in the 1890s, a Catholic order committed to the education and welfare of Native and African Americans (and, today, to the people of Haiti). Mother Drexel devoted her life and immense fortune to this cause and, under her leadership, the sisters built, funded, supplied, and staffed over sixty schools and missions throughout America. One of these institutions is Xavier University in New Orleans, the first black coeducational Catholic institution of higher education in Louisiana. Mother Drexel was canonized by Pope John Paul II in January 2000, as the second native-born American saint.

Duke, Doris

An inheritor of a tremendous estate, Duke was an heiress and philanthropist of unparalleled status. Duke donated millions in controversial and progressive ways, including funds to support and educate southern black students, donations to the Birth Control League and also AIDS research.

Edelman, Marian Wright

Lawyer, social activist, and premier children's rights advocate in the United States, Marian Wright Edelman aided African Americans in the south during the Civil Rights movement as they asserted their right to vote. She also helped bring visibility to the poor living conditions and starvation facing southern black children and families. In 1973, she founded the Children's Defense Fund as the leading advocate for children's and families' rights. CDF and Edelman continue to bring focus to disparities in health care, education, and other social services, particularly for minority families and children.

Friedan, Betty

Betty Friedan (1921- ) launched the second wave of the American women's movement in 1963 with her book The Feminine Mystique, which revealed the isolation and dissatisfaction many middle class women felt in their roles as housewives. Friedan was a founder of the National Organization for Women (NOW) and served as its president. She lobbied for the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, calling for equal protection for men and women under the Constitution. The ERA was not passed. In 1971, she helped found the National Women's Political Caucus.

Hamersma, June

In addition to her significant contribution to the intellectual life of Grand Rapids, June Hamersma volunteered thousands of hours for Hospice and Michigan hospital guilds that raise money to support the hospital.

Hogg, Ima

Civic leader, art collector, musician, and philanthropist, Ima Hogg's interests and passions included music, art, antiques, minority issues, mental health, education, and historical preservation. Her passion and dedication to these diverse interests in her home state of Texas, particularly in the city of Houston, made her one of the most respected and admired women in Texas history.

Holton, Earl and Donnalee

Earl Holton held a long career at Meijer, which gave him and Donnalee the means to become major philanthropists. Their extensive volunteer careers through Butterworth Hospital guilds gave the Holtons the interest in supporting Grand Rapids medical institutions, such as the DeVos Children's Hospital. Their leadership has inspired many others to increase their philanthropy.

Hooker, Robert and Judy

Robert and Judy Hooker have served at a variety of Grand Rapids nonprofit and charity organizations. Robert Hooker played a leading community-building role in Grand Rapids through Grand Action, and Judy made major contributions to local and state foundations. Both have volunteered extensively in the community and supported Grand Valley State University and the symphony.

Huerta, Delores

As co-founder of the National Farm Workers Association, Huerta is a role model for Mexican American women and is considered the most predominant Chicana labor leader in the United States. For more than thirty years she has dedicated her life to the fight for justice for migrant farm workers through her work as an activist, lobbyist and advocate.

Johnson, Lady Bird

Lady Bird's beautification efforts included implementation of wildflowers, the reduction of billboards on state highways, the preservation of national parks, and the restoration of inner city playgrounds. Furthermore, the presence of Lady Bird in the White House encouraged female activists as she spoke at many conferences for women across the states and luncheons at the White House.

Keeler, Mary Ann

Mary Ann was active in downtown revitalization and was a leader in bringing the Ford Museum and Grand Center downtown. She invested heavily in the performing arts, museums, and libraries. She has been especially committed to bringing sculptures to public places in Grand Rapids so citizens can learn about the art of today while they go about their lives.

Kersee, Jackie Joyner

Jackie Joyner-Kersee (1962- ), one of the world's greatest female athletes, won three gold, one silver and two bronze medals over four consecutive Olympic games. She was a heptathlete who holds the world record at 7,291 points and Olympic and national records in the long jump. As a philanthropist, she is dedicated to the development of young people. She established the Jackie Joyner-Kersee Community Foundation, the Jackie Joyner-Kersee Youth Center Foundation, and the Jackie Joyner-Kersee Boys & Girls Club in her hometown of East St. Louis, Illinois.

Kroc, Joan

During her life Mrs. Kroc had given away more than one billion dollars towards causes ranging from animal welfare, children's charities, homelessness, nuclear disarmament, and the arts. Her generosity affected thousands of individuals, and many of her monetary gifts were make in privacy.

Lathrop, Julia

Lathrop was an advocate for the mentally ill, immigrants, equal rights for women, social reform and child welfare. Spending over two decades at Chicago's Hull House, she worked closely with Jane Adams and Ellen Gates Star. Lathrop was a pivotal agent in the reformation of the juvenile judicial system, among other areas of human rights.

Low, Juliette Gordon

Best known as the founder of Girl Scouts of the USA, Juliette Gordon Low outgrew the trappings of an upper-class society life to create an organization for young women that integrated leadership, equality for all, self-confidence, responsibility, integrity, decision-making, teamwork, outdoor skills, and philanthropy. Girl Scouts of the USA continues, today, to enable girls to grow into responsible, caring, independent citizens.

Lowell, Josephine Shaw

American social reformer, advocate, and charity worker of the late 1800s, Josephine Lowell believed in being a charity worker and that charity should change the recipients, as well as relieve their suffering. Her work centered on improving circumstances in women's correctional facilities and institutions for the mentally ill as well as being an advocate for children who were being placed in poorhouses.

Maathai, Wangari

Maathai is best known for her efforts to develop the Green Belt Movement, a grassroots organization that focuses on planting trees to replenish the environment and improve the quality of life. But Maathai's involvement in the philanthropic sector reaches far beyond the establishment of the Green Belt Movement; she is also active in many other beneficial organizations.

McCarty, Oseola

After 70 years of hard work and saving as a laundress, this inspirational woman made a gift of $150,000 to the University of Southern Mississippi to help needy students.

Meijer, Fred and Lena

The owners of a major supermarket chain, Fred and Lena Meijer made significant contributions to the community through the business and through their philanthropy. Their philanthropic gifts include Frederik Meijer Gardens and Sculpture Park, the Meijer Heart Center, the Meijer Trails Network, the Lemmen-Holton Cancer Center, and the Meijer Majestic Theatre.

Montessori, Maria

Montessori initiated a worldwide educational movement that is still very much alive and well today. This movement has given input to the creation of a wealth of nonprofit entities and associations and coalitions of Montessorians at the international, national, regional, and local levels.

Mother Teresa

The Macedonian woman who chose to serve India's "poorest of the poor and live among them and like them."

Richmond, Mary Ellen

Pioneer of professional social work and an integral part of women's history in the United States, Mary Ellen Richmond's work with families and their social problems, as well as her research, provided valuable insight into how charity evolved into social work. She successfully created a model for social casework (also known as case management) and the approach now known in the social work field as person-in-environment perspective.

Robinson, Jacob and Delores

The Robinsons are educators with modest incomes who find the time to share their talent and make a plan of giving that is a benefit to others. They made charitable giving a part of their budget each year. They are active in many organizations that build community, especially those related to education of children.

Royce, Stella and Charles

The Royces were frequent donors to almost all Grand Rapids arts organizations. They gave money and volunteered their time at the St. Cecilia Music Society, the Grand Rapids Symphony, the Grand Rapids Ballet, Opera Grand Rapids, the Urban Institute for Contemporary Arts, the Grand Rapids Civic Theatre, and the Grand Rapids Art Museum. Royce Auditorium at St. Cecilia Music Society was named for them in 1986.

Sage, Margaret Slocum

Receiving a vast fortune after the passing of her husband, Mrs. Sage became a benefactor to every imaginable charity, from educational, religious and medical institutions to cultural preservation programs and animal shelters. At a time when men held social power and controlled American wealth, Sage became an example of a woman in control of her fortune and aware of her potential influence.

Sanger, Margaret

Though some regard her savior, others a devil, Margaret Sanger's legacy has given women all over the world control in determining their fertility. Sanger was a public health nurse in the ghettos of New York City in the early twentieth century. Through her personal leadership and the founding of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Sanger initiated the modern birth-control movement.

Schad, Vernis

Vernis Schad volunteered in her son's schools and eventually became president of the Parent-Teacher Association. She supported organizations that worked for women's rights and worked to make the schools more racially integrated.

Seton, Elizabeth Ann Bayley (Saint)

A devout Catholic, Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton chose a life devoted to serving the needy and providing education for all by founding the Sisters of Charity in Baltimore in 1809. Her small group of Sisters moved to Emmitsburg, Maryland and opened St. Joseph Academy, providing an education for rural poor children. The original small group of five sisters grew to over fifty by 1821, the time of Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton's death. Mother Seton's greatest impact was in the growth of the Sisters of Charity that began during her lifetime and in the influence of her example which continues through today. From the work of these original Sisters and many others to follow, new community mission houses, hospitals and colleges grew throughout the United States and worldwide.

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady

Stanton forever changed the social and political landscape of the United States of America by succeeding in her work to guarantee rights for women and slaves. Her unwavering dedication to women's suffrage resulted in the 19th amendment to the Constitution, which granted women the right to vote.

Szold, Henrietta

A major force in the Zionist movement, in healthcare and in women's independence in the United States and in Palestine. She was the founder of the women's volunteer organization, Hadassah, which is one of the largest today. In addition, Ms. Szold was an accomplished scholar, editor, and Jewish thinker. Within the Youth Aliyah Movement, she was instrumental in bringing thousands of Jewish children from Germany to Palestine during World War II and integrating them into their new homeland.

Terrell, Mary Eliza Church

ocial activist and early feminist who advocated for women's suffrage and civil rights for African Americans. Born to free parents who had been newly emancipated from slavery, she became a formidable educator, lecturer and author. She is best known as the co-founder and first president of the National Association of Colored Women.

Truth, Sojourner

Born into slavery around 1797 in upstate New York, Isabella Baumfree was set free when slavery was abolished in New York State. Her newfound freedom was dedicated to a life of service to her people and to the rights of women. In later in life, Isabella would change her name to Sojourner Truth, a fitting name for an ex-slave who crusaded for abolition and women's rights.

Tsuda, Umeko

Umeko Tsuda (1864-1929) founded Tsuda College (previously known as, Joshi Eigaku Juku and Tsuda Eigaku Juku), a Japanese women's college that introduced western-style education. Umeko's philanthropic activities included fundraising for Tsuda College and to establish the "American Scholarship for Japanese Women,"� a fund that allowed many women (later, Japan's educational and political leaders) to study in the U. S. Umeko was the first Japanese woman to study in the U. S. at her government's expense, living with Charles and Adeline Lanman, and later attending Bryn Mawr College.

Tubman, Harriet

A second-generation slave who dedicated her life to fulfilling her cry to the slaveholders, "Let my people go!", Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery, herself, yet returned to the South nineteen times to free over three hundred slaves. She had an unflappable faith in God and believed slavery to be an evil created by man. Called "the Moses of her people," Tubman never lost a slave or failed on her missions. She was a scout and a spy for the Union Army during the Civil War and her information was responsible for the destruction of enormous amounts of Confederate resources. After the war, Tubman continued to battle for social reforms and justice for her people.

Voss, Rev. B. Margaret

As a woman ordained as a minister, Ms. Voss broke many barriers for women in the church and education. As an advocate for the rights of women and the elderly, Voss refused to accept limitations for herself. Dr. Voss served on the board of many organizations related to women, history, and the community.

Walker, Madam C.J.

The first person in her family to be born free from slavery in 1867, Madam C.J. Walker became an extremely successful businesswoman who assisted and contributed to numerous African American organizations and institutions.

Walker, Margaret Sellers

Margaret Sellers Walker served as assistant city manager of Grand Rapids, Michigan, and as associate director of the Dorothy A. Johnson Center for Philanthropy & Nonprofit Leadership. She also served on boards and volunteered her time for a variety of community organizations, such as Dwelling Place, Blodgett Hospital, Delta Strategies, Hope Network, Inc., Clark Retirement Community, friends of Grand Rapids Community College, and the Grand Rapids Community Foundation.

Wells-Barnett, Ida B.

Born into slavery in the South near the end of the Civil War. Ida B. Wells-Barnett saw the disparity in the rights of African Americans and whites and became an insightful and frequent writer on the topic, particularly on the horrifying practice of lynching. Even thoug she faced great tragedy, adversity, controversies and threats, she wrote and agitated for the betterment of her race with incredible energy and persistence. To this end, Ida helped to found a number of organizations, including the National Association of Colored Women and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the country's oldest civil rights organization. Wells-Barnett continued her "crusade for justice"? up until her death, at age sixty-nine.

Winfrey, Oprah (Paper I)

Oprah Winfrey (1954- ) is the first black woman billionaire. Financial success enables her to "make an important difference in people's lives."? The Oprah Winfrey Foundation "support[s] the inspiration, empowerment and education of women, children, and families around the world,"? including building the Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls in South Africa. Oprah's Angel Network raised over $12 million to provide scholarships to needy students, fund over 200 Habitat for Humanity homes, and build schools in ten countries. Winfrey's personal campaign for abused children resulted in "Oprah's Bill"? or the National Child Protection Act, a registry of child abusers. Oprah was the first black woman to host a nationally-syndicated television show, The Oprah Winfrey Show, and the first black woman to own a production company, Harpo Productions.

Winfrey, Oprah (Paper II)

Oprah Winfrey (1954- ) is the first black woman billionaire. Financial success enables her to "make an important difference in people's lives."? The Oprah Winfrey Foundation "support[s] the inspiration, empowerment and education of women, children, and families around the world,"? including building the Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls in South Africa. Oprah's Angel Network raised over $12 million to provide scholarships to needy students, fund over 200 Habitat for Humanity homes, and build schools in ten countries. Winfrey's personal campaign for abused children resulted in "Oprah's Bill"? or the National Child Protection Act, a registry of child abusers. Oprah was the first black woman to host a nationally-syndicated television show, The Oprah Winfrey Show, and the first black woman to own a production company, Harpo Productions.

Learning to Give Lessons Plans:
Outstanding Women Philanthropists


Harriet Tubman

This is Rosa Parks

Jackie Joyner-Kersee

Unit Title: Freedom, Fairness and Philanthropy—Harriet Tubman, Rosa Parks and Jackie Joyner-Kersee
Unit Purpose: The stories of Harriet Tubman, Rosa Parks and Jackie Joyner-Kersee are used to teach the concept of philanthropy. The giving of time and talent are exemplified by the stories of Harriet Tubman and Rosa Parks. Students learn about the Underground Railroad and the injustices of slavery. The birth of the modern civil rights movement is also shown through the story of Rosa Parks and the bus boycott. The idea of philanthropy as giving of your treasure is made clear through Jackie Joyner-Kersee's biography. These three women model bravery, determination and selflessness while living in a world in which the odds were against them..



Annie Etheridge Unit Title: Philanthropy in Michigan—Civil War
Unit Purpose: To help students gain deep understanding of the meaning of philanthropy, study some examples of philanthropic acts in history and in the present, and begin to consider the risks and benefits of becoming a philanthropist.

Mother Theresa

Rosa Parks

Unit Title: Heroes and Their Impact
Unit Purpose: Using three very different persons as examples, students will see how a single person with personal virtue, good character, and ethical behavior can make a big difference in the world. Students will identify how heroes have acted for the common good. Students will design their own service project. While written for a Catholic Elementary School, the lessons in this unit may be easily adapted for public school use..

Just a Spoonful of Rights Makes the Responsibility Go 'Round, Part I

Just a Spoonful of Rights Makes the Responsibilities Go 'Round, Part II Service

Unit Title: Laws, What Are They Good For?
Unit Purpose: Learners will discover how their communities work. They will be introduced to theories of governance, learn how governments are organized, how they make laws and what their rights and responsibilities are as citizens of their school and community at large. Through a service-learning activity, learners will share what they have learned about rights and responsibilities with others in their school and community.
We the People Hall of Fame Unit Title: Philanthropy in History
Unit Purpose: Students will examine models of philanthropy in history and in modern day life.


Women in the Industrial Era Unit Title: Women in the Industrial Era
Unit Purpose: To increase the students' knowledge of the era of the Industrial Revolution and its impact on women. Four women were selected to represent the contributions of 19th century women toward social services: Sojourner Truth, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony and Clara Barton.

Fighting Chance (1850-1877) (A)

Rallying to the Cause

Unit Title: Bridges for All
Unit Purpose: This unit will assess the importance of volunteers, both today and in history. Students will research the work of volunteers before, during and after the Civil War and decide what they can do today to make a meaningful contribution in their community.
Heroes with Heart Unit Title: What Does It Take?
Unit Purpose: Students will define and recognize people who have made a difference through heroic actions

Pocahontas (Matoaka)

Hey Lady! Where Are You?

Everyday Heroes Then and Now

Unit Title: Herstory in History
Unit Purpose: Emphasizes the important part women have played in American history and philanthropy. Throughout history, women have taken a stand on issues and acted for the common good. For some women, these stands came at great personal sacrifice and risk. During this unit, students will decide if they, acting as a group, can be a catalyst for change in their school. They will take a stand on the issue of bullying in their schools. They will design surveys for different target groups (6th, 7th and 8th grade classes, teachers, family). In these surveys they will ask for suggestions to solve the problem with bullying. Lastly, students will take a stand on the issue of bullying, support it with core democratic values, data and prior knowledge.

Primary Source? What is That?

Giving Beyond Measure—Diary of Anne Frank

Unit Title: Communities in Crisis (6-8)
Unit Purpose: Learners will examine the lives of individuals in the play, "The Diary of Anne Frank," in relation to community and philanthropy. They will compare the content of the play as a secondary source to the primary source, Diary of Anne Frank.


Addams, Jane Unit Title: Social Reformer-Jane Addams
Unit Purpose: To examine and learn how an historical example of volunteerism and philanthropy contributed to the common good.
Truth, Sojourner Lesson Title: How Do Leaders Communicate Their Ideas? A Look at the Words of John Brown, Frederick Douglass and Sojourner Truth
Lesson Purpose: To enable students to identify the personal attributes of those individual volunteers who chose to be involved in the abolition movement and in the fight for women's suffrage.
Walker, Madam C.J. Lesson Title: Women in Philanthropy
Lesson Purpose: To show that philanthropy is a diverse American tradition. Students focus on the philanthropy of Madam C.J. Walker, successful African American business woman, who supported many causes with the profits of her business and consider how they themselves might take philanthropic action.
Wells, Ida Lesson Title: What Choices Do Leaders Have to Make? Ida B. Wells.
Lesson Purpose: To help students identify the fundamental components of philanthropic leadership through the life of Ida B. Wells.

Sports Heroes and Private Action for the Public Good

Philanthropy of Sports Heroes and Myself

Unit Title: Sports Legends and Philanthropy—Jackie Robinson, Arthur Ashe, Tiger Woods and Jackie Joyner-Kersee
Unit Purpose: Some people who gain great success choose to act as responsible citizens in a philanthropic way. Using the examples of four famous sportsmen, students learn that these persons, not content to rest on their record in sports, chose areas of interest and concern to them and acted as responsible citizens. Students then select their favorite hero and write an essay or create a visual or song about one of the sports heroes' philanthropic actions and add their own possible philanthropies to their essay, poster or song.

Fable for Tomorrow and Today—Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring (A)

Mary Eliza Church Terrell-Civil Rights Leader

"Anything We Love Can Be Saved"-A Contemporary

Writing for Action

Lesson Title: Writers as Activists
Lesson Purpose: In this unit, students will see how writing is a means of social activism for the common good, and hence philanthropy. They will study how people, through their writing, have changed the world and how writing can empower even the most disenfranchised.

Primary Source? What is That? (9-12)

Giving Beyond Measure-- Diary of Anne Frank (9-12)

Lesson Title: Communities in Crisis (9-12)
Lesson Purpose: Learners will examine the lives of individuals in the play, "The Diary of Anne Frank," in relation to community and philanthropy. They will compare the content of the play as a secondary source to the primary source, Diary of Anne Frank.

A Collaboration Between the Michigan Women's Foundation
and the 14 Girl Scout Councils of Michigan

Girls in Giving

Philanthropy generates change and girls can learn how to use philanthropic resources to change the world. The "Girls & Giving" patch gives 130,000 Michigan girls a start on making philanthropy a part of their lives. The program features activities for each of the five levels of Girl Scouting, building upon knowledge gained at the previous age level. Younger girls learn the importance of giving and explore causes they may wish to support. Older girls will learn the variety of foundations in their community, the grant proposal process, and opportunities for grantmaking. These topics may pique their interest in careers in philanthropy, fund development, or the nonprofit sector.

Activities required to earn the patch are age appropriate and involve reading, discussing, and doing. A troop might design a community service project or create troop boxes for the "giving," "spending", and "saving" of troop dues. Others might interview philanthropists in their community or analyze the annual report of a nonprofit organization to learn if relevant girls and women's issues are reflected in services. All activities conform to Girl Scouting's Safety-Wise standards.

Curriculum materials include an activities workbook, a philanthropic resources directory, a video about philanthropy, and an evaluation tool. This collaboration was funded by a two-year, $91,600.00 grant from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation of Battle Creek, Michigan.

This patch program served as a prototype for a nationwide patch disseminated by Girl Scouts of the USA in the year 2000.

If you have any questions, please contact the Michigan Women's Foundation.

White House Conference on Philanthropy

(Visit Source Web Site)

Held October 22, 1999, the White House Conference on Philanthropy featured many well known speakers who discussed the importance of voluntary action for the common good. The Girl Scouts' "Girls and Giving" patch was part of Peg Talburtt's (Former Executive Director, Michigan Women's Foundation) presentation to the Conference panel and (at that time) First Lady Hillary and President Bill Clinton. The excerpt follows:


And now Peg Talburtt will talk about women in philanthropy.


Thank you very much. It's a real honor to describe to you not just a set of organizations, but a movement. Women's funds began more than a hundred years ago with the founding of AUW's Educational Foundation. The modern era began with the creation of the MS Foundation in 1972. By the early '80s, there were 13 women's funds, but today there are more than 100 in the United States and a dozen or more globally.

All of these foundations share the similar values of change, not charity; of money ensured to get to programs which serve women and girls specifically, the value of the significance of gender and a desire to engage new donors who share these values.

The results have been tremendous. The Women's Funding Network has tracked just 50 of these funds over the last five years, and already assets have grown by 200 percent, and grantmaking has nearly doubled.

Now let's think a little bit about the future. I'd like to share two programs the Michigan Women's Foundation has created to work specifically with girls. One of them is called the Element for Change. We have two sites in the state of Michigan. Together they grant more than $40,000 to programs which they select to serve the needs of girls.

They are trained in philanthropy and leadership; they understand and research the needs of their communities; and they make some bold decisions, including the funding of a non-profit that's suing for Title IX because of discrimination against girls in sports. They have taken teen prostitutes off the streets at a time when a community did not want to admit this problem. And they've also really put their money into bold action.

We also — as I think about it, am very excited because not only are dollars getting to programs today, but many of these young women now want careers in philanthropy and have reshaped their educational goals. I expect if this conference were held 10 years from now, I would look around and see many of their faces here.

Now, a second program that we're just launching, with the support of the Kellogg Foundation, is a Girls and Giving patch. We worked with all 14 state Girl Scout councils in Michigan to create this collaborative program, which will offer training in philanthropy to every level of Girl Scout, from Daisy to Senior Cadet. That means that within the next couple of years, 130,000 young women in the state of Michigan, and 13,000 of their Girl Scout leaders will have experienced this particular program.

There are many other ways that women's funds are on the verge of the new millennium. They're creating donor circles. They're working in new workplace campaigns. We're establishing new kinds of relationships with women's service and professional organizations to engage them in the act of philanthropy. Whether it's Alaska or Maine or California or Tucson or Chicago or Atlanta, whatever, women's funds are a force.

And what truly excites me about the next millennium is not just the new dollars that are going to come to the table, but the commitment to change and the values and new philosophy that women will bring. Thank you.


Girls & Giving, Women & Philanthropy Web Links

American Association of University Women
AAUW promotes education and equity for women and girls.
www.aauw .org

Baltimore Giving Project: A Woman’s Guide to Philanthropy
BGP provides information, resources and a community through which donors; new or engaged, male or female, young or old, from every walk of life can find a connection to philanthropy in order to facilitate effective, long-term philanthropy.

Connections Across Cultures
Connections Across Cultures uses the voices of people who are female, Latino, American Indian, and African American to build teaching strategies for classrooms from kindergarten through university., teachers from elementary, middle, and high schools, colleges, and a university invite multiple perspectives into classrooms of science, technology, math and engineering.
www.missionc ollege.org/depts/cac

Girls, Incorporated
Girls Incorporated is a national nonprofit youth organization dedicated to inspiring all girls to be strong, smart, and bold.
www.girlsin c.org

Girls Health
This site was created to help girls (ages 10-16) learn about health, growing up, and issues they may face. It focuses on health topics that girls are concerned about and helps motivate them to choose healthy behaviors by using positive, supportive, and non-threatening messages.

Girls Scouts of the USA
The world's largest organization dedicated to helping all girls everywhere build character and gain skills for success in the real world.
www.girl scouts.org

Girl Tech
Girl Tech's mission is to enhance girls' lives and foster their use of technology by bringing to market technology-enhanced lifestyle electronics just for girls ages 8-12.

Girl Zone
Girls’ Webzine with chats, reviews, recipes, the works.

New Moon Magazine
For every girl who wants her voice heard and her dreams taken seriously and for every adult who cares about girls. An adult staff works with a Girls Editorial Board to produce an award winning, ad-free, mulitcultural magazine for girls 8-14.

Supported by the National Science Foundation and the University of Michigan, this site allows girls to speak out on issues, express opinions and take surveys.

Three Guineas Fund
Founded in 1994, the Three Guineas Fund promotes social justice by expanding access to economic opportunity for women and girls, coordinates the “Girls as Grantmakers Network” (www.3gf.org/GGN.pdf) and funds girls’ programs.

Women’s Funding Network
The Women’s Funding Network is in international partnership of women’s and girls’ foundations, donors, and allies that works to strengthen funds and is committed to social justice.
www.wf net.org

Women’s Philanthropy Institute
The Women's Philanthropy Institute inspires, educates and encourages women to effect change in the world through philanthropy.

Youth in Philanthropy
Explore the world of giving, volunteering and helping.

The YWCA is the oldest and largest multicultural women's organization in the world whose mission to eliminate racism and empower women.