Learning to Give, Philanthropy education resources that teach giving and civic engagement


Legend: Red Square is Womens Perspective, Purple Triangle is African American Perspective, Aqua Circle is 'Everyday' Philanthropist

Philanthropy Briefing Papers

The Philanthropy Briefing Papers are abbreviated snapshots of significant concepts, people and organizations linked with philanthropy.

  • Concepts
  • People
  • Organizations
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Briefing Paper Women's Perspective African American Perspective 'Everyday' Philanthropist
4-H
A summary of the century-old organization that teaches real-life skills to youth, including and resulting in philanthropy. More >>

The purpose of the program is to focus on the personal growth of youth. Opportunities are provided in areas such as communications, leadership, career development, livestock, home improvement, and computer technology. Members learn from others, learn new life skills, and set and achieve goals. Each experience emphasizes self esteem, communication, and decision making

     
Action Without Borders/Idealist.org
A paper examining the web site idealist.org, a vast Web site of the organization Action Without Borders, a nonprofit built to connect people, organizations and resources in the nonprofit sector. More >>

Action Without Borders is an organization dedicated to "connecting people, organizations and resources to help build a world where all people can live free and dignified lives" (Idealist.org). Action Without Borders carries out this mission using a Web site, Idealist.org. Thousands of visitors a day use the site, many seeking information about nonprofit employment and volunteer opportunities.

     
African American Fraternities
The historical roots and evolution of African American Fraternities, highlighting philanthropic causes and resulting impact on African American culture. More >>

What has become traditional African American Fraternities originally developed to provide a social outlet, but then evolved to what is characteristic of ethnic fellowship. Many of the fraternities build membership today in an array of impressive service projects for which its members can volunteer. A great deal of the causes are issues that concern the African American community and have resulted in changes effecting politics, philanthropy and society as a whole.

  African American Perspective  
African American Sororities
African American Sororities have worked to overcome stereotypes of racism and sexism. An overview of the philanthropic causes and legacy of these ethnic fellowships. More >>

Birthed at a time in history when the traditional roles of women were being challenged, the founders of the first Black sororities had to overcome the stereotypical views of sexism and racism as well. Now over a quarter of a million women belong to Black sororities with numbers increasing annually. These women make a lifetime commitment to continue the legacy of building social capital and uphold the strong ideals of education, integrity, public service and activism.

Women's Perspective African American Perspective  
American Red Cross (The)
An overview of the American Red Cross and its provision of disaster relief and assistance at all economic and socio-economic levels. More >>

The American Red Cross is at the heart of the philanthropic sector. It uses volunteers throughout the world to help accomplish its goals and services, and provides help to those in need at all economic and socio-economic levels.

     
American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA)
The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) was the first humane society formed in North America and today is one of the largest in the world. More >>

The ASPCA and the many organizations that it works with across the country have played a significant role in changing the American culture and the understanding that animals deserve humane treatment.

     
Americorps
National service program involving over 75,000 Americans annually, striving to meet community needs. More >>

According to the handbook, the mission is to "provide opportunities for Americans of all ages to help improve the nation through service..."

     
Amnesty International
Amnesty International is an organization that works to protect human rights. More >>

Overall its mission is to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience and expression, and freedom from discrimination, within the context of its work to promote all human rights."

     
Association of Fundraising Professionals (AFP)
The Association of Fundraising Professionals (AFP) advances philanthropy by enabling people and organizations to practice ethical and effective fundraising. The core activities through which AFP fulfills this mission include education, training, mentoring, research, advocacy and certification programs. More >>

The Association of Fundraising Professionals (AFP) advances philanthropy by enabling people and organizations to practice ethical and effective fundraising. The core activities through which AFP fulfills this mission include education, training, mentoring, research, advocacy and certification programs.

     
Audubon Society
The National Audubon Society and its role of preserving, studying and protecting the bird species. More >>

The National Audubon Society was founded in 1886 by George Bird Grinnell in memory of naturalist and artist John James Audubon. Audubon documented America's 1065 birds for his book Birds of America. Though the society's focus is the preservation and study of bird species, it now protects animals and their habitats. With over 600,000 members and 500 chapters in America, the society lobbies for passage of important environmental policies (such as, the Endangered Species and Clean Air acts).

     
Big Brothers Big Sisters of American (BBSA)
An overview of the Big Brothers Bis Sisters of America, the largest youth mentoring organization in the United States. More >>

The largest youth mentoring organization in the United States, Big Brothers Big Sisters of America provides one-to-one mentoring relationships between children and adults. Providing friendship, emotional support, and guidance to youth through positive role models, BBBSA's national motto is "making a difference, one child at a time."?

     
BoardSource
An overview of BoardSource, a resource for practical information, tools and best practices, training, and leadership development for board members of nonprofit organizations. More >>

A nonprofit organization which considers itself the premier resource for practical information, tools and best practices, training, and leadership development for board members of nonprofit organizations worldwide, BoardSource provides highly acclaimed programs and services that enable organizations to fulfill their missions by building strong and effective nonprofit boards.

     
Boy Scouts of America
A look at the organization that strives to prepare young people to make ethical and moral choices over their lifetimes. It was developed as a community program to teach character, citizenship, and physical fitness. More >>

The Boy Scouts has been a significant part of over 70 million American boys' lives, touching a wide and very diverse group of individuals. The future of Scouting appears strong in that Americans are still tied to a code of values that warrant the need to continue programs that offer excitement, adventure, and challenge for young people to develop their potential.

     
C.S. Mott Foundation
The Foundation works to promote a just society by providing activities that enhance community. More >>

The impact of the organization has been widespread, in large part because of the effort put on building organized communities. The Foundation runs four main programs, dealing with Civil Society, Environment, Flint Area and Pathway out of Poverty. Their aim is to ensure the Foundation fulfills its mission of promoting sustainable society.

     
Campus Outreach Opportunity League (COOL)
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The mission of COOL is to educate, connect and mobilize college students and their campuses to strengthen communities through service and action. Through volunteer service, students learn lessons that are difficult to convey in the classroom--values such as service, commitment to society, and a sense of community.

     
Carnegie Corporation
The corporation carries on the vision of philanthropy, which aims to do real and permarment good in this world. More >>

Carnegie Corporation was created to promote the advancement and diffusion of knowledge and understanding. Founded by Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919), the corporation provides funding in areas of education, international peace and security, international development and strengthening U.S. democracy.

     
Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University.
An overview of The Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University's, and organization whose mission is "to increase the understanding of philanthropy and improve its practice." More >>

The Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University's mission is "to increase the understanding of philanthropy and improve its practice through research, teaching, and public service." The Indianapolis-based Center acts as a liaison between the academic world of researchers and professors and that of nonprofit managers and workers.

     
Children's Defense Fund
An overvirew of The Children's Defense Fund and its role as a leading nonprofit advocacy organization for children's rights. More >>

Founded in 1973 by Marian Wright Edelman, the Children's Defense Fund is the leading nonprofit advocacy organization for children's rights. Its mission is "to Leave No Child Behind""and to ensure every child a Healthy Start, a Head Start, a Fair Start, a Safe Start, and a Moral Start in life and successful passage to adulthood with the help of caring families and communities."� CDF coordinates various outreach campaigns and coalitions including the Black Community Crusade for Children.

     
CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation
CIVICUS, a global network of nongovernmental organizations and foundations whose aim is to promote civil society. More >>

With over 604 members, representing organizations and individuals from over 105 countries, CIVICUS is a global network of nongovernmental organizations and foundations whose aim is to promote civil society. CIVICUS has lofty goals and is important because it is the only major organization focused on a networking and facilitator role in promoting a global civil society. However, it is not without its difficulties as it works to find its place in the global network. Brian O'Connell, founding co-chairman, believes that CIVICUS' niche is helping people who have no rights find ways to make significant changes in their lives.

     
Council of Michigan Foundations
An overview of the Council on Michigan Foundations, a nonprofit association of foundations and corporations that make charitable grants in Michigan. More >>

A nonprofit association of foundations and corporations that make charitable grants, the Council of Michigan Foundations' mission is to increase, to enhance, and to improve philanthropy in Michigan.

     
Council on Foundations
COF is a nonprofit membership association of grantmaking foundations and corporations whose mission is to promote responsible and effective philanthropy. More >>

COF is a nonprofit membership association of grantmaking foundations and corporations whose mission is to serve the public good by promoting and enhancing responsible and effective philanthropy.

     
Forum of Regional Associations of Grantmakers
A review of The Forum of Regional Association of Grantmakers, a national network of local leaders and organizations across the U.S. that support effective philanthropic giving. More >>

The Forum of Regional Association of Grantmakers is a national network of local leaders and organizations across the U.S. that support effective philanthropic giving. The forum's network encompasses twenty-eight separate regional associations of grantmakers (RAGs). RAGs are nonprofit membership associations of private and community foundations, corporations, individuals and others who have made a commitment to strengthening philanthropy in the country's geographic areas in which they operate. The forum was established by the Council on Foundations in 1995.

     
Frey Foundation
An overview of the Frey Foundation, Michigan's largest family foundation whose focus has been primarily in southwestern Michigan. More >>

The Frey Foundation, established in 1974 by Frances and Edward J. Frey, works to better the lives of organizations, individuals, and families in southwestern Michigan. The founders were civic leaders in Grand Rapids, MI who made their wealth through the Union Bank and Trust Company and the Foremost Insurance Company (specializing in insuring mobile homes and recreational vehicles). They helped establish a Grand Rapids chapter of Junior Achievement and Grand Valley State College (now called Grand Valley State University).

     
Global Fund for Women
The foundation promotes women's human rights and women's programs around the world. More >>

The Global Fund for Women is a California-based grant-making foundation that provides grants to organizations who are working for the betterment of women. The organization provides funds to organizations that address key women's issues such as economic and environmental justice, civic and political participation, access to education for girls, and a variety of other topics.

Women's Perspective    
Greenpeace International
Greenpeace International, founded in 1971 by a small group of environmental activists, is a non-profit organization with involvement in issues spanning forty countries worldwide, concentrating on the most vital threats to Earth’s biodiversity and environment. More >>

Greenpeace's goal is to ensure the ability of the earth to nurture life in all its diversity, from the protection of oceans and ancient forests to phasing out fossil fuels and promoting renewable energy in order to stop climate change.

     
Habitat for Humanity
An overview of Habitat for Humanity International, a nonprofit Christian organization that brings resources together to build affordable housing. More >>

Habitat for Humanity International is a nonprofit Christian organization that brings families, volunteers and resources together to build simple, decent, and affordable housing, and to eliminate substandard housing in low-income areas. Houses are sold at no profit and owners provide hard work (or "sweat equity"), a down payment, and interest-free payments. The idea for the organization originated when its founder, Millard Fuller, lived at Koinonia Farm, a small Christian community in Georgia. It has provided housing for more than 625,000 people.

     
Heifer International
Overall is a unique non-profit organization founded on the basic principal that we should help the hungry by giving a source of food. More >>

Heifer International, founded in 1944, is a unique non-profit organization founded on the basic principal that we should help the hungry by giving a source of food, rather than just the food alone. The foundation has assisted seven million people from more than one hundred twenty-five countries across the world. Heifers mission includes working with communities around the world to end hunger and poverty and to care for the earth.

     
Humane Society (The)
An overview of The Humane Society of the United States, an organization that prevents cruelty to animals in all residential,laboratory and commercial settings. More >>

The Humane Society of the United States was founded in 1954 to prevent cruelty to animals in laboratories, slaughterhouses, and puppy mills. The HSUS studies animal legislation, lobbies, and attempts to change laws that allow for cruel treatment of animals in laboratory testing, fashion design, or other industries. The HSUS' international arm, Humane Society International (HSI), founded in 1991, addresses issues like inhumane practices and conditions affecting companion and farm animals, threats to endangered species, slaughter of marine mammals, and the use of animals in research and testing.

     
INDEPENDENT SECTOR
An overview of INDEPENDENT SECTOR, a nonprofit organization that works to strengthen America's nonprofit (independent) sector. More >>

INDEPENDENT SECTOR is a nonprofit organization that works to strengthen America's nonprofit (independent) sector. As a national leadership forum, the organization encourages philanthropy, volunteering, not-for-profit initiative and citizen action to help organizations within the sector better serve people and communities. As a membership organization, it also brings together leaders of various nonprofit organizations including foundations, volunteer organizations, and corporate giving programs.

     
Indianapolis Free Kindergarten
An overview of The Indianapolis Free Kindergarten program and the establishment of the Children's Aid Society. More >>

The Indianapolis Free Kindergarten and Children's Aid Society came about when Reverend Oscar McCulloh, pastor of Plymouth Congregational Church, renewed the efforts of the Indianapolis Benevolent Society out of concern for the urban poor. The society conducted a survey of families in need, renamed itself the Children's Aid Society (1882-1952) and, in 1882, organized a trial kindergarten. The society formed the Indianapolis Free Kindergarten Society and began establishing free kindergarten schools throughout Indianapolis. By 1907, the society asserted thirty-three free kindergartens existed in the city's neighborhoods and that they had served 49,252 students since their inception.

     
Indigenous Children of the Americas (ICOTA)
An overview of the Indigenous Children of the Americas (ICOTA), a nonprofit organization with the purpose of providing needed relief to impoverished Native American children. More >>

Started by four indigenous women in 1999, ICOTA's programs and services offer winter needs, humanitarian, education, well being, and the Christmas toy drive to Native American children and families who reside both on and off of reservations throughout the Americas.

     
Institute for Nonprofit Organization Management
The Institute for Nonprofit Organization Management at the University of San Francisco is a resource center for the study of nonprofit and philanthropic areas. More >>

The Institute seeks to contribute to a more humane and just world by providing and sharing knowledge in order to strengthen nonprofit organizations. It does this mainly through research, education, and convening learning opportunities.

     
International Society for Third-Sector Research
This international organization promotes education and research in philanthropy, civil society and the nonprofit sector. This informational paper looks at its history and philanthropic impact. More >>

This organization, founded in 1992, was organized as a result of the late-twentieth century interest and activity in voluntary action and association in third world nations and emerging democracies. The ISTR is strengthening nonprofits/nongovernmental organizations by developing regional research networks.

     
International Society for Third-Sector Research (The)
The ISTR acts as a permanent forum for non-profit practitioners. More >>

The International Society for Third-Sector Research exists in an effort to bring people together so they can work toward affecting a change in our society through the third-sector. Currently comprised of 649 separate organizations from around the world, the ISTR acts as a permanent forum for non-profit practitioners.

     
Jack and Jill of America, Inc.
This organization raises community awareness of the needs of children, concerns within the African American community and takes action in these regards. More >>

Through national incentives like health programs and collaborative partnerships with other organizations, local chapters of Jack and Jill make a difference in the lives of their members as well as the communities they serve.

  African American Perspective  
John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
An overview of The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, one of the worlds largest private foundations making $226 million in grants across the world. More >>

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation was created in 1978 when John D. MacArthur, a Bankers Life executive, passed away, leaving over $900 million for its formation. Though board disputes plagued it, by 2001, the foundation was one of the country's largest, making $226 million in grants across the world. Among its causes, it sponsors the MacArthur Fellows (for innovation and creativity in any field), National Public Radio and PBS, human and community development, and global security.

     
Kresge Foundation
The Kresge Foundation was created to promote the well being of mankind. More >>

The Foundation has made incredible contributions to the fields of medical research, higher education, health and human services, and the arts.

     
Latinos Issues Forum
The Latino Issues Forum is a non-profit public policy and advocacy institute committed to advancing new and innovative public policy solutions for a better, more equitable and flourishing society. More >>

For over 16 years, Latino Issues Forum has dedicated itself to improving the lives of Latinos by producing high quality research, conducting community education forums, building coalitions, serving as a resource for the media and advocating for the community they represent.

     
Lilly Endowment, Inc.
An overview of the Lilly Endowment Inc., the Indianapolis-based, private, family foundation that makes grants based on its mission to support the causes of religion, education and community development. More >>

The Indianapolis-based, private, family foundation makes grants based on its mission to support the causes of religion, education and community development.

     
Mama Cash
Mama Cash is the first, independent funding organization in the world to prioritize and promote causes that benefit woman. More >>

The organization finances women's self-driven projects worldwide, aiming for a just and nonviolent world where women have the freedom to make their own choices and to develop their talents.

Women's Perspective    
Michigan Nonprofit Association
The Michigan Nonprofit Association, a membership organization that serves the entire nonprofit sector in the state of Michigan. More >>

A membership organization that serves the entire nonprofit sector in the state of Michigan, the Michigan Nonprofit Association (MNA) provides direct services to members, advocates on issues of public policy that affect the sector, provides training and technical assistance to nonprofit employees and volunteers and promotes research. ). Its mission is "to promote the awareness and effectiveness of Michigan's nonprofit sector and advance the cause of volunteerism and philanthropy in the state."?

     
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
The roots of the NAACP were founded on the premise that all people are created equal. More >>

The Association has made an indelible mark on our history in the fight for civil rights. From its inception, the organization has advocated for the fair and equal treatment of African Americans. Its success in drawing alliances, both black and white, representing a wide array of social service groups, continues to serve as the bridge to vital resources needed to meet the diverse needs of African Americans.

  African American Perspective  
National Center on Nonprofits and Philanthropy (CNP), The Urban Institute
CNP, is a research organization that conducts and disseminates information regarding the role and impact of nonprofit organizations. More >>

The CNP researchers analyze the responsibility and capacity of nonprofit organizations as they change over time, particularly in relationship to government. The CNP also examines the effects of policy changes in order to clarify the need for and duties of the nonprofit sector.

     
National Council of Black Philanthropy
The National Council of Black Philanthropy is a united effort to provide a voice in the nonprofit sector to address the specific needs of the African American community and other minorities and poor. More >>

The mission of the Council is to promote giving and volunteerism among African Americans, foster full participation by African Americans in all aspects of philanthropy, educate the public about the contributions of Black philanthropy, strengthen people and institutions engaged in Black philanthropy, and research the benefits of Black philanthropy to all Americans.

  African American Perspective  
National Council of La Raza
National Council of La Raza is the largest Hispanic organization in the United States and it serves all Hispanic nationality groups in all regions of the country. More >>

NCLR was born during the social organizing movement among Hispanics in the 1960s that brought the specific needs to light on a political and social level. Today, the organization advocates, organizes, and provides assistance on behalf of the more than 35 million Hispanics nationwide.

     
National Organization for Women
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NOW was established by a group of feminists who were dedicated to actively challenging sex discrimination in society. NOW's actions have established itself as a major force in the sweeping changes that put more women in political posts; increased educational, employment and business opportunities for women; and enacted tougher laws against violence, harassment and discrimination.

Women's Perspective    
National Student Campaign Against Hunger and Homelessness
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The NSCAHH works with a coalition of students and community members across the country to end hunger and homelessness through education. They educate students by conducting workshops, holding conferences and completing training sessions on campuses across the country. These educational sessions teach students to recognize the problems of hunger and homelessness in their own community and help them educate others to get involved.

     
National Wildlife Federation
An overview of The National Wildlife Federation, an organization that unites individuals, organizations, businesses, and governments for wildlife and natural resource conservation. More >>

The National Wildlife Federation, originally called the General Wildlife Federation, was founded in 1936 by editorial cartoonist J.N. Darling. Darling gained a concern for wildlife conservation during work with President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The federation's purpose is to unite individuals, organizations, businesses, and governments in wildlife and natural resource conservation through research funding, educational outreach programs, conservation efforts, governmental lobbying, and habitat restoration. It is the nation's largest member-supported conservation group.

     
Native American Culture of Giving
An essay reviewing the heritage of Native American Philanthropy and the indigenous tribal customs that affected this giving culture. More >>

Within Native American communities, giving has often been an expectation of individuals as a means of sharing and survival. In the last several decades, Native Americans have struggled with gaining economic stability and preserving their culture simultaneously.

     
New York School of Philanthropy
Established in 1898, the New York School of Philanthropy was the first higher education program to train people for work in charitable fields. More >>

Established in 1898, the New York School of Philanthropy was the first higher education program to train people for work in charitable fields.

     
One Hundred Black Men
Working to change the stereotype of the African American male through community service and inspiration, "What They See Is What They'll Be" is the motto of One Hundred Black Men, Inc. More >>

An organization committed to the intellectual development of youth and the economic empowerment of the African American community based on the following precepts: respect for family, spirituality, justice, and integrity. The organization seeks to serve as a beacon of leadership, creating environments where children are motivated to achieve, and to empower African Americans to become self-sufficient shareholders in the economic and social fabric of communities.

  African American Perspective  
Pew Hispanic Center (The)
More >>

     
Points of Light Institute
Points of Light Institute (POLI) and mobilizes people to take action through service. The nonprofit organization strives to advance innovative civic strategies to shape national policy and to build an engaged citizenship. Its programs include HandsOn Network, Senior Corps, AmeriCorps and generationOn. More >>

The nonprofit organization Points of Light Institute (POLI) inspires, equips and mobilizes people to take action that changes the world. POLI grew out of the vision expressed in President George H. W. Bush's inaugural address of "a thousand points of light" and plays a leadership role advocating public policy to enhance service and volunteering.

     
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
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The nation's largest private philanthropy devoted exclusively to improving health and healthcare in America. Located in New Jersey, the Foundation awards grants to promote health and the research of medicine.

     
Rosie's For All Kids Foundation
An informational paper on the organization that provides funding to help children have equal opportunities. More >>

This publicly-funded organization provides non-profit organizations funding for at-risk children, parents, care-givers and teachers. Rosie O'Donnell established this foundation to give each and every child an equal start in life and in their educational journey. The importance is to help the children, our future, have equal opportunities in their early education.

     
Rotary International
Rotary International, an organization made up of individual Rotary Clubs, consists of leaders from the business and professional communities, called Rotarians. More >>

Rotary International provides humanitarian service, encourages high ethical standards in all vocations, and helps build goodwill and peace in the world. Today there are approximately 1.2 million Rotarians who belong to more than 31,000 Rotary clubs located in 167 countries.

     
Salvation Army
An overview of the Salvation Army, an organization committed to providing human services and assistance to the very needy. More >>

An international, nonprofit religious organization, the Salvation Army is committed to providing human services and assistance to the very needy as an essential component of its evangelistic mission of fundamental Christianity.

     
Save the Children
Save the Children is a nonprofit organization whose vision is a world in which every child attains the right to survival, protection, development and participation. Save the Children is a global leader in newborn and child health and works to educate leaders about the needs of children throughout the world. More >>

The vision of Save the Children is a world in which every child attains the right to survival, protection, development and participation. Its mission is to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives. Save the Children started by Eglantyne Jebb in 1919 to bring aid to children in war-torn Europe. She wrote the first draft of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. Save the Children is a global leader in newborn and child health in educating leaders about the needs of children who die of preventable diseases.

     
Search Institute
An overview of Search Institute, a nonprofit organization whose mission is to advance the well-being of adolescents and children by generating knowledge and promoting its application. More >>

An independent, nonprofit, nonsectarian organization whose mission is to advance the well-being of adolescents and children by generating knowledge and promoting its application, the Search Institute achieves its mission by conducting and producing practical research, publications, tools, training, and conferences for young people, community leaders and adults who work with youth. The Search Institute is know for its research framework of 40 Developmental Assets which are positive experiences, relationships, opportunities, and personal qualities that young people need to grow up healthy, caring, and responsible.

     
Semillas
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Semillas, dedicated to women's empowerment through resource mobilization, is based in and native to Mexico. Through training and one-on-one sessions, Semillas makes it possible for poor and indigenous women of Mexico to have a way to address concerns in their communities.

Women's Perspective    
Sierra Club (The)
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The Sierra Club, with over 700,000 members nationwide, is the oldest grassroots environmental organization in the United States. It sees its purpose as preservation, protection, and enhancement of the natural environment. As a 501(c)(4), the organization's strength is its ability and effectiveness in lobbying for environmental causes.

     
Southern Poverty Law Center
A review of the Southern Poverty Law Center, a nonprofit organization committed to eradicating hate and fighting the effects of poverty with innovative lawsuits and education programs. More >>

The Southern Poverty Law Center is a nonprofit organization committed to eradicating hate and fighting �the effects of poverty with innovative lawsuits and education programs.� It was incorporated in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1971, by lawyers Joseph Levin and Morris Dees. The men felt key legislation such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 should be practiced and enforced by the courts. Their legal victories have resulted in landmark decisions (such as, integrating law enforcement departments and causing financial burdens forcing hate groups to disband). The organization's Intelligence Report monitors hate groups and informs the public about them.

     
Special Olympics
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An international organization dedicated to empowering individuals with intellectual disabilities to become physically fit, productive and respected members of society through sports training and competition. Involving more than 1.4 million children and adults with intellectual disabilities year-round training and competition, there is no charge to participate. Program costs are covered by fundraising, which include small local fundraisers, corporate sponsors and stock exchange options.

     
Teach for America
An overview of Teach for America, a nonprofit organization that utilizes college graduates for two years of service to teach in disadvantaged communities. More >>

Teach for America is a nonprofit organization founded in 1989 by Wendy Kopp, who realized during college, that not everyone was as fortunate as her in their educational opportunities. Kopp's senior thesis envisioned a corps of excellent teachers for inner-city and rural areas where chronic teacher shortages occur. Through the organization, recent college graduates commit two years of service to teaching in disadvantaged communities. For the 2003-2004 school year, it will place nearly 2000 corps members in schools.

     
Tewa: Promoting Philanthropy to Create Self-Reliance
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Tewa, an organization located in Nepal, exists to empower women and create sustainable development. Working in a culture that is based in divisions of caste, gender, and ethnicity, Tewa has created an organization run by women who have trained hundreds of women across the country in how to promote giving in their local areas.

     
The Cleveland Foundation
The mission and work of the Cleveland Foundation, a community foundation in Cleveland, Ohio, that is considered a pioneer in the field of philanthropy. More >>

The Cleveland Foundation is committed to transformative change for the benefit of the Cleveland community, aiming to enhance the quality of life for all residents. They have set many of the standards viewed as a pinnacle for community foundations today.

     
The Foundation Center
A look at the Foundation Center's importance and impact on the nonprofit sector as the leading authority on philanthropy. More >>

The Foundation Center collects, organizes and communicates information on U.S. philanthropy, conducts and facilitates research on trends in the field, as well as provides education and training on the grantseeking process.

     
The Meijer Foundation
The foundation has grown to support all of the charitable efforts of the Meijer's family. More >>

Although The Meijer Foundation, in Grand Rapids, Michigan, began as a means to facilitate development of the Frederik Meijer Gardens project, the foundation has grown to support all of the charitable efforts of Frederik and Lena Meijer and the Meijer family. The foundations purpose and activities are stated as giving primarily to a horticultural society, a charitable trust, funding for community foundations, an art museum, and the foundation administers a donor-advised fund.

     
The Puerto Rican Legal Defense and Education Fund
The Puerto Rican Legal Defense and Education Fund supports the Latino community by providing legal counsel and advocacy, working to secure civil rights for Latinos. More >>

PRLDEF's mission is to develop a more equitable society by creating opportunities for Latinos in areas where they are traditionally underrepresented. The Fund has worked for three decades to improve the quality of life for Puerto Ricans and other Latino constituencies.

     
The Saguaro Seminar - Civic Engagement in America
The Saguaro Seminar is an ongoing initiative of Professor Robert D. Putnam at the JFK School of Government at Harvard University. The project examines social capital and civic engagement in America. More >>

As detailed on the project Web site, the Seminar's mission is both to improve social capital measurement and the availability of social capital data and to undertake analysis of building social capital in a changing environment.

     
Think Tanks
A review of think tanks and their role in the United States political system and nonprofit sector. More >>

A unique entity in the American political system, think tanks belong to the nonprofit sector, yet their primary objective is to influence public policy decisions.

     
Three Guineas Fund
The Three Guineas Fund is a tech boom foundation committed to women, equity and social change. More >>

Founded in 1994 by Catherine S. Muther, former Cisco Systems Senior Marketing Officer, the Three Guineas Fund is committed to women, equity and social change as well as an interest in what Muther calls "philanthropy with attitude." Combining her expertise in launching high-growth technology companies and $2 million that she earned in the dot.com boom, Muther named the Three Guineas Fund based on a quote from Virginia Woolfe, "Take this one guinea and use it to assert...the great principles of justice and equality and liberty."

Women's Perspective    
Urban Institute
The Urban Institute (UI) is a think tank and public policy research center that gathers and analyzes data, evaluates programs, and educates Americans on critical issues. More >>

The Urban Institute (UI) is a think tank and public policy research center created to research and assess those governmental programs that evolved in the 1960s under the "Great Society" conceived by John F. Kennedy and enacted by President Lyndon B. Johnson. The organization conducts policy research, gathers and analyzes data, evaluates programs and services, and educates Americans on critical issues and trends. Its nonpartisan and independent position has built a reputation of reliability and objectivity.

     
USA for UNHCR
The mission of the USA for UNHCR is to support the work of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and help raise funds for its life-saving work. The UN Refugee Agency assists refugees and internally displaced people around the world who have been forced from their homes by violence, war and persecution. More >>

USA for UNHCR is concerned with the global refugee crisis. The mission of the organization is to spread awareness about the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency) and help raise funds for its life-saving work. The UN Refugee Agency assists more than 26 million refugees and internally displaced people around the world who have been forced from their homes by violence, war and persecution.

     
W.K. Kellogg Foundation
An overview of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, one of the country's largest foundations granting over $220 million. More >>

Established in 1930 by breakfast cereal magnate Will Keith Kellogg, The W.K. Kellogg Foundation is one of the country's largest with grants totaling over $220 million in 2002. Its international program interests include: health, food systems and rural development; youth and education; and philanthropy and volunteerism. Kellogg donated more than $66 million to the foundation from his earnings as founder of the Kellogg Company in Michigan. His wealth was based on the accidental discovery of the process to flake grain which led to the idea of breakfast cereal.

     
Women's Philanthropy Institute
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The Institute focuses on building the confidence of women who could possibly face social barriers to giving, and encouraging them to overcome these obstacles to reach their full philanthropic potential. Women are encouraged to give back to the Institute and the greater nonprofit society.

Women's Perspective    
World Wildlife Fund of the United States
An overview of the World Wildlife Fund, one of the largest environmental group in the world. More >>

World Wildlife Fund, known for its panda logo and established in 1961, is one of the largest environmental and conservation groups with worldwide affiliates. Its mission is to use scientific knowledge and advance that knowledge; to "work to preserve the diversity and abundance of life and the health of ecological systems by protecting natural areas and wild populations of plants and animals, including endangered species"; to promote "sustainable approaches to the use of renewable natural resources"; and to promote "efficient use of resources and energy and the maximum reduction of pollution."