Two Forty-Five Minute Class Periods
The learners will:
- list and identify the components of a good quality children’s story.
- list, define and recognize the five stages of story development.
Journal Entry: Refer to the story “Somebody Loves You, Mr. Hatch” to answer the following questions:
- What was the message of the story?
- What was the turning point (the point that changed how things were going)?
Journal Entry: Ask students to write a brief explanation of the value of a children’s story. Go over their answers as a whole group.
Present the story Yertle the Turtle. Distribute one copy of Necessary Steps Recording Sheet (Attachment Two) to each student. Once students have had enough time to complete their reflections, ask volunteers to share their responses.
Using Yertle the Turtle as guided practice, ask the students to identify the five different steps of the story. Go through them one at a time and have students record the answers on their handout in the column under Yurtle the Turtle.
Teacher Note: If students appear to need more practice, have them identify the five parts in the other stories you presented to the class.
- Main character: Yurtle
- Supporting Character: Mack
- Setting: At the Pond
- Problem: Yurtle’s kingdom is too small.
- Yertle piles up 9 turtles and climbs on their back.
- Mack complains
- Yertle piles up 200 turtles, his kingdom grows larger
- The moon rises
- Yertle threatens to pile up more turtles
- Mack burps
- The turtles fall.
- Mack lands in the mud and loses his rule.
- All the turtles are free.
Journal Entry: Have students create a list of five items common to children’s literature (e.g., few words on a page, large print, limited vocabulary, colorful, cartoon or other “childlike” characters, pictures on almost every page). If students do not mention a positive storyline, ask them to imagine they have a younger brother or sister of their own. What types of stories might they choose for this youngster?
Necessary Steps, Critique Page, and Story Elements may be used as assessments.
Put students in groups of three to five and have them share the library books they checked out. Instruct them to look for key components of the picture books. They are to note similarities and differences among their collections.
Lesson Developed By:Cheryl Larkin
Five Steps of Story Writing:
The exposition includes three main components:
The main character is trying to solve his/her problem. It should include different actions that build suspense in the story. (Try to name two to four different things that take place to increase the problem.)
The point in the story that might be considered the most important point or the point at which things take a shift. It might be considered the turning point of the story.
The events that take the story toward a resolution, the winding down.
The grand finale. The “happily ever after” statement at the end of the story.
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