The learners will create a bridge between their personal reflections from the Service Learning Project in Lesson Two: Trash or Treasure? and a concrete visual expression of their experience.
The focus will be:
What words and images could express the learner’s emotional response from the Service Learning experience?
How do these words and images reflect the learner’s role and value as a responsible citizen?
Six Forty-Five Minute Class Periods
The learner will:
Review the importance of citizens recognizing their rights and responsibilities in a civil society based on Lesson One: The Truth and Lesson Two: Trash or Treasure? in this unit.
- Day One: Using Biography: Jaune Quick-to-See Smith (Attachment One), give the learners an introduction to Jaune Quick-to-See-Smith.
- Display Rainbow by Jaune Quick-to-See Smith. Explain that the Art Criticism process is a method of organizing facts and personal responses to a particular work of art. The four steps of critiquing are: describing, analyzing, interpreting and making a judgment.
- Have learners take out a sheet of paper and fold it into four sections. Number and label each section as follows: 1. Describe, 2. Analyze, 3. Interpret, 4. Evaluate/ Judge.
- Under the heading of Describe, have learners describe the subject matter of the artwork, listing all recognizable images. Beyond the subject, describe the design elements, i.e., color, line, shape, space, texture, value and form.
- Under the heading of Analyze, have learners look at the artwork and describe the ways the design elements and principles are organized, i.e., balance, emphasis, proportion, pattern, rhythm, unity, variety.
- Under the heading of Interpret, have learners write the ideas, emotions and feelings they get from looking at the work of art
- Under the heading of Evaluate/ Judge, have learners write their opinion about the artwork: is it good or not? Learners will need to support their opinions with statements from their observations from the first three areas.
The class will then share their ideas together through discussion.
- Read a quote from Chief Seattle, "For whatever happens to the plants and animals also happens to the humans." Discuss how the condition of the planet, i.e., the well-being of plant and animal life, affects the lives of humans, all life is interrelated and interconnected.
- Day Two
Show the learners the artworks entitled, Homage to Chief Seattle Trade (Gifts for Trading Land with White People).
- Review the artwork and ideas from the previous lesson. Discuss the new artwork using the same procedure.
- Introduce the technique of collage.
Teacher Note: For an excellent definition of collage and examples of collages look at www.Artlex.com. For examples of artwork from Jaune Quick-to-See Smith, look at http://www.flomenhaftgallery.com/flomenhaft_gallery_artists_biographies/jaune_quick_to_see_smith_artist_bio.php. The teacher may choose to make the collage as simple or developed as desire, materials and time permits.
- Write a list of learner-generated emotionally-charged, environmental words on the board, i.e., toxic, pollution, exploitation, waste, clean, recycle, reuse, conserve, etc.
- Ask the learners to make their own lists from which they will select a theme for their collage which will address their personal viewpoint developed from their knowledge and experience from Lessons One and Two. Some ideas for a theme are: write a pledge, promise or poem; write a message; make a personal statement; or use contrast words, i.e., waste/conserve, pollution/fresh air.
- Have the learners refine their themes and write them out to be copied into the collage or the letters/words cut out of newspaper or magazines and glued on.
- Learners should decide on a warm or cool color harmony that will help to reinforce the mood and emotion that their collage will express.
- Have the learners use wax crayons to draw images and symbols along a visual path of movement. Make sure that they press hard to leave enough wax for a watercolor resist.
- Use water color paint to "wash" or tint the entire paper. Remind the learners that their collage should express an emotional response from the viewer so select colors accordingly. Think of muddy browns, sea foam greens, golden fields of grain, etc. Use professional tube watercolors mixed with water to get more intense, saturated color. Dry flat.
Teacher Note: Sprinkling salt over the wet painted paper or laying a piece of wax paper or plastic wrap over the juicy, wet water color-painted paper, and leaving it there until the paper is completely dry will add a wonderful textured effect.
- Direct the learners to begin looking around their homes for things that they want to include in their collage. Remind them that anything that is relevant to their theme, which is safe and school-appropriate and has the ability to attach onto the collage, is acceptable. Encourage creativity. They should also begin clipping words and images out of newspapers, magazines, etc., and save them in a zip lock plastic bag.
Teacher Note: During studio time the teacher may choose to play Native American music which reinforces the ideas of the lesson. Suggestions: Dare to Move by Switchfoot, Legacy by Nicole Nordeman, What Can I Do For You, by Rick Kelly, or Native American Flute Music.
- Day Three: Learners should bring to class words and images collected from home. They will also have one piece of trash that was saved from Lesson Two: Trash or Treasure?
- When the water color paint is completely dry, learners can begin to plan and organize their entire compositions.
- The learner should identify an area that will be the Center of Interest and draw or paint an original image related to the theme that they have chosen. Examples might include an image of a plant or animal, a disposable item such as a drawing of a soda pop can, milk carton, French fry box, etc.
- Lay out the images and words, refine the ideas and then glue images and words down.
- Day Four: Learners may use wire, beads, raffia, nuts, bolts, gel pens, material, wrapping paper, grocery bags, tissue paper, handmade paper, tempera paint, etc. to layer onto their collage.
- Be sure that the main words from the theme are readable, either by stamping letters or cutting out the letters from magazines or newspapers. They should be incorporated into the overall composition.
- Carefully spray paint a layer of paint over the entire collage to help unify it as the last step.
- Days Five and Six:
Read the poem from Sandy Maas entitled, "I Am".
- Distribute copies of the "I Am" model (Attachment One) to the learners to follow as they write their personal reflective poems. They should follow the line-by-line guide and create a poem using ideas, words and images that they gained though the experiences of the entire unit.
- Share collages and personal poems with the class. The poems and artwork should be displayed. The collage and poem constitute the celebration aspect of the Service Learning Project.
The Studio Project entitled "From Trash to Treasure" will serve as the assessment for this unit. See Creative Work Rubric (Attachment Two).
Learners will ask for parent supervision if they choose to deface or destroy images by burning the edges at home.
Interactive Parent / Learner Homework:
Web Site Sources:
Sound Recordings (CDs):
Lesson Developed By:Julia Hayden
"I Am" Model
Sandy Maas wrote the original poem entitled, "I Am." Suzi Mee from the Teachers & Writers Collaborative used his poem as a writing lesson. It has been adapted to fit the Visual Art mixed-media collage assignment, From Trash to Treasure.
Reflectively, write your poem following the line-by-line guide. Be sure and use words and images that express your personal ideas in response to lessons learned from this unit.
I am (two special characteristics you have)
I wonder (something you are actually curious about)
I hear (an imaginary or actual sound)
I see (an imaginary or actual sight)
I want (an actual desire)
I am (the first line of the poem repeated)
I pretend (something you actually pretend to do)
I feel (a feeling about something real or imaginary)
I touch (something real or imaginary)
I worry (something that really bothers you)
I cry (something that makes you very sad)
I am (the first line of the poem)
I understand (something you know is true)
I say (something you believe in)
I dream (something you actually dream about)
I try (something you really make an effort to do)
I hope (something you actually hope for)
I am (the first line of the poem repeated)
EFFORT – Range of 25 points
ORIGINALITY – Range of 25 points
PROCESS – Range of 25 points
ART WORK – Range of 25 points
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